Understanding how new technologies will work in the moon and how the human body will adjust to life in low gravity will be assuring to astronauts and lunar colonists. Reducing the risk of failure will be very important to the future of exploring the moon. Structural engineers have a lot of things to consider when it comes to building a moon base. One of these is the damage that building materials may sustain when exposed to a vacuum.
Damage from high velocity micrometeorite impact, material brittleness at low temperatures, cumulative abrasion due to solar wind particles and high energy cosmic rays and severe temperature variations should be considered during the planning period. Work can start on the structures themselves once all the risks are outlined. Since the gravitational pull exerted by the moon is 1/6th that of the Earth, engineers can build structures that are less gravity-restricted. Local materials must also be used when and where possible.
Read more at BUILDING A MOON BASE